History of Cricket:
Cricket is the second most popular sport after football (soccer) & the origin of cricket was from South-East England in the late 16th Century (1597). In the beginning, cricket was a children’s game & then it became an adult game at the start of the 17th Century. In the 18th Century, cricket became a national sport and then played globally in the 19th & 20th centuries.
England introduced cricket in North America, West Indies, Australia, South Africa & New Zealand in the 17th & 18th centuries. East India Company introduced cricket in Hindustan in 19 century.
International Cricket Begin:
The first international match was played between Canada & the United States (US) in 1844 at St George’s Cricket Club in New York. England professional players made the 1st tour to North America in 1859 & then to Australia in 1862. The origin of the test match was in 1877 when England visited Australia to play two games.
Balls Per Over History:
In the beginning, four balls were in an over, and in 1889 the over changed into five balls. In 1900 over turned into six balls and later eight balls in some countries (Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & England). But in 2000 it was decided that over will remains six balls.
Who invented the cricket ball?
The ball used in cricket is hard, solid & in different colors (White & Red). In 1977, Kerry Packer introduced the white ball in a cricket series in Australia. After this tournament, white balls become a part of One-day international matches.
Types of Balls:
Three types of balls are used in International cricket (Kookaburra, Dukes, and SG). West Indies uses Dukes, India uses SG, While other countries use Kookaburra balls in their matches.
Who invented the Cricket bat?
Charles Richardson introduced the bat shape in 1880 that players use now. The bat’s length is 38 inches & the width is 4.35 inches.
Which tree wood is used to make cricket bats?
The tree wood used in the making of bats is Willow.
- Kashmir Willow
- English Willow
What is the length of a cricket pitch?
The pitch length is 22 yards, a rectangular area of ground.